Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. The need to obtain and consume the drug becomes a driving force. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Is There Treatment For Drug Dependency?
It can, however it is hard. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
Rehabilitation from drug use should result in the patient:
desist from drug use
stay drug free
achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Standards Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Though addiction is very complicated, it could heal completely, and it affects the workings of the human brain and human behaviour.
No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
Psychological and other behaviour remedies are used in treating the habit.
Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
The first step during treatment involves detoxification that is overseen by medical personnel.
Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Is Substance Dependency Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
detox (the process when the body cleanses itself of a substance)
medication (for tobacco, alcohol or opioid dependency)
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
Relapse prevention through long-term check-ups
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Treatment ought to incorporate both therapeutic and emotional well-being services as required. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Is Medication Employed In Substance Dependency Treatment?
Managing withdrawal symptoms, preventing relapse, and treating coexisting conditions are accomplished through medication use.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. According to one study of treatment centres, medications were utilised in close to 80 per cent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing A Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Medications that could be used in treating cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) addiction are being developed by scientists at present. Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
change their character and disposition towards the use of drugs
increase wholesome life skills
Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
Patients dealing with complications caused by long time abuse of drugs may benefit greatly from inpatient also known as residential rehabilitation services. A licensed inpatient treatment centre provides round-the-clock, structured and comprehensive care, that includes safe accommodation as well as medical attention. An inpatient treatment facility can make use of different therapeutic approaches and they are usually aimed at assisting patients to lead a substance-free, crime-free life after completing the treatment.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The behaviours, understanding and attitude of the addict towards drugs is affected by the whole community, which involves the staff that offer the treatment and those recovering from addiction, as they take up the role of change agents.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Problems Of Re-Admission
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. For everyone in treatment, but especially for those in an inpatient program or prison, it's essential to learn how to recognize, avoid, and handle any triggers they may encounter after treatment.