A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.
Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.
Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
The condition of the person, their family lineage, the substance in question, and the person involved are some of the factors that determine the possible signs and symptoms of addiction.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes, the user might have GI symptoms, like constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. Example is a smoker not giving up smoking even when they have been diagnosed of a related heart or lung disease.
Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Binging - Taking a lot of the substance at the beginning. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.