The use of other drugs may be needed to ensure the treatment is a success and that withdrawal symptoms are eased. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. The withdrawal symptoms are often the reason for the addict to relapse, so medication is given to ease the pain of withdrawal. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.
Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.
Drug Withdrawal And Detoxification
During the first steps of recovery, the system must remove the drugs from itself. This process is referred to as detoxification. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.
Dealing with withdrawal side effects is frequently the hardest part of detoxification. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.
There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. Symptoms include:
Sickness or feeling sick
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. The doctor might recommend a patient to take some of the following:
Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
Mood lifting medications like Zoloft and Prozac help in reducing these symptoms till the brain can function naturally again.
Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.
The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Other drugs withdrawal symptoms are less deadly, but it is good to take caution as there are always risks. To ensure that detoxification is safe and successful, medical supervision is vital.
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Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. When withdrawal symptoms last longer than usual, this is referred to as Post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:
Naltrexone prevent receptors in the brain that generate alcohol's satisfying side effects.
The craving for alcohol is also reduced by the drug.
There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
Alcoholism can produce side effects such as emotional and physical distress and Acamprosate can relieve these.
Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
The first drug to be approved for treatment of alcohol addiction was Disulfiram.
It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
To avoid this sickness, the person who is taking Disulfiram must not consume drink.
You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.
Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. Extended replacement medicines can put an end to strong desires and PAWS. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.
For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:
Prescriptions of Methadone are usually given to people suffering from moderate or severe addictions.
Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
More About Methadone.
Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.
Medical Detox And Rehabilitation
A few people detox all alone. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. Doctors and other medical staff are available to monitor the patient's vital signs. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Rehabilitation has other treatments like behavioural therapy so the recovery procedure can be more prosperous.
Get a treatment centre with medically supervised detoxification if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction call 0800 772 3971.